PROMPT is a therapy technique for treating speech sound disorders. I am one of a few PROMPT trained therapists in Utah. PROMPT can be a powerful and highly effective technique.
Dyslexia Therapy at Timpanogos Speech
Dyslexia may play a role when a child or adult struggles with written words or the sound structure of language. A person with dyslexia will have difficulty reading accurately and fluently. Spelling will be poor. Most people with dyslexia have weaknesses in phonological awareness. Also, many have weaknesses in word retrieval or rapid naming.
What Skills Do Good Readers Need?
Reading Fluency: This is the ability to read with speed, accuracy, and proper expression. A person must be able to read fluently, either aloud or silently, to understand what he/she read. When reading aloud, fluent readers will organize sentences into phrases and add intonation appropriately.
Spelling: While there are spell checkers and auto-fill typing, is spelling really important? The fact is, spelling improves reading and writing fluency and improves vocabulary and comprehension. The fluent reader quickly perceives whole words, because he has mastered the connection between letter combinations and the sounds they represent. Learning to spell helps to cement the connection between the letters and their sounds.
Phonological Awareness: An ability to analyze and manipulate the sound structure of language. Most relevant are segmenting (pulling apart) and blending words through three different levels: (1) syllables, (2) onset-rime and (3) phonemes (the smallest unit of sound, e.g., /p/, /a/, /th/, etc.). As a result, it requires conscious awareness and reflection on how language is built.
Phonemic Awareness: A narrow term describing the ability to recognize the smallest unit in language that holds meaning: a phoneme. Consider the word “ball.” There are three phonemes that make up this word: /b/ /aw/ and /l/. If you take away the /b/ and switch it for /k/ the word changes to “call.” If you replace the vowel with “eh” the word becomes “bell.” Consequently, the ability to manipulate phonemes is the foundation for spelling, word recognition and understanding.
Word Retrieval or Rapid Naming: In reading, this skill allows one to see an object, symbol, or word, and name or process it quickly and accurately. This skill should be effortless and authomatic. Difficulty in this skill can hamper speaking, reading, and writing.
How We Can Help Those with Dyslexia
Here at Timpanogos Speech Clinic, we offer therapy utilizing the Wilson Reading System (WRS). This is a research-based intervention for students in grades 2-12 and adults with word-level deficits. WRS is a structured literacy program based on phonological-coding research and Orton-Gillingham principles. It directly and systematically teaches the structure of the English language. Through the program, students learn fluent reading and spelling skills to the level of mastery. From the beginning steps of the program, students receive instruction in:
- Phonemic awareness
- Decoding and word study
- Sight word recognition
- Oral expressive language development
Who Would Benefit from Wilson Reading Instruction?
- Those with a language based learning disability, such as dyslexia
- Unable to decode accurately
- Slow, labored readers who lack fluency
- May know many words by sight, but have difficulty reading new words and “nonsense” syllables
- Often guess at words
- Able to speak and understand English, but not read or write it (such as ELL students)
- Poor spellers
- Unsuccessful with other reading programs or who have gaps in their decoding and/or spelling
What Does WRS Therapy Look Like?
WRS lessons are taught one-on-one in 60-90 minute sessions, 2-5 times per week, or small groups in 45-90 minute sessions, 3-5 times per week. Depending on the frequency of lessons, the entire 12 step program can take 2-3 years to complete. Lessons move at a quick pace with constant interaction between the teacher and student. Each lesson is divided into 3 blocks, emphasizing word study, spelling, fluency and comprehension. Multisensory techniques (visual, auditory, tactile, kinesthetic) are used to teach all concepts. For a full description of the curriculum, please click on this link.
Why Wilson Reading?
In conclusion, WRS presents the language system of English in an organized, logical, and progressive manner. Learning is manageable and does not overwhelm the student with rules. The program provides a solid foundation in word study, teaching reading and spelling simultaneously. Single words become automatic and fluent in connected text. Students will achieve mastery of the written language. Most importantly, students will discover a confidence and joy they never thought possible.
Get More Information
Call today for more information about the Wilson Reading System. Initial consultations are free. Classes are organizing soon